Atlanta, Georgia

01 atlanta-skylineAtlanta, Georgia

  • Georgia became a state January 2, 1788, the 4th state admitted to the Union.
  • Atlanta became state capital in 1868 (temporary) 1877 (permanent)
  • Atlanta incorporated: 1847
  • Name origin: Shortened version of “Atlantica-Pacifica” suggested by Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad

This city had several names before its incorporation in 1847, when residents approved the name “Atlanta.” Beginning as Terminus – so called because it was a point where the railroad route from Chattanooga would link to the Savannah route – it was later renamed Thrasherville for a merchant who had a store in the area, then renamed again as Marthasville in honor of the governor’s daughter. “Atlanta” is a shortened version of Atlantica-Pacifica, which was suggested by the Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.

Atlanta did not become Georgia’s permanent capital until 1877. During the Civil War, it was burned to the ground, so it is a new modern city. The capitol dome is covered with gold that was brought by wagon from Dahlonega, site of the country’s first gold rush.

Major sports teams in Atlanta are the Braves, Falcons and Hawks. Atlanta is home to CNN, headquarters for Coca-cola, and was host for the summer Olympics in 1996. President Jimmy Carter’s library is here, as well as the grave of Martin Luther King Jr. Stone Mountain and Six Flags are nearby attractions.

Things To Love About Atlanta

The high-rise sparkle and the zillion things to do, the buzz, the moving ahead at lightning speed while dogwood quietly blooms, Clark Gable’s face on Cyclorama scenes, the food, the bragging rights for firsts, Coca-Cola, CNN.

Blogs To Read About Atlanta

Pass and Go

But I Tell You What

Atlanta Fried And Pied

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 420,003 (US 2010 Census), 10th largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 3,154 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 133.15 square miles
  • Elevation: 1,050 feet, 13th highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  •  Normal high/low temps: January 52/34, July 89/71. Annual rainfall: 50 inches
  • Time Zone: Eastern
  • Water near: Chattahoochee River
  • Mountains near: Blue Ridge, Appalachian, Stone Mountain monolith. Brasstown Bald, in the northeast corner of the state, is the highest point in Georgia at 4,784 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Montgomery, AL 161; Columbia, SC 214; Nashville, TN 249
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 640

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 420,003         Population
  • 19.4%              Under 18
  • 9.8%               Over 65
  • 3.1%                Asian
  • 54.0%             Black
  • 5.2%               Hispanic/Latino
  • 0.2%               Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.0%              Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 36.3%            White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 10.5%           English Not Spoken at Home
  • 87.3%           High School Graduate
  • 46.1%           Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 23.2%             Below Poverty Level
  • $35,884         Per Capita Income
  • $45,946         Median Household Income
  • $228,000      Median Value of Home
  • 47.0%            Home Ownership

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