Jefferson City, Missouri

00 jefferson capitol treesJefferson City, Missouri

  • Missouri became a state August 10, 1821, the 24th state admitted to the Union.
  • Jefferson City became state capital: 1826
  • Established: 1825
  • Name Origin: Named for Thomas Jefferson

In 1822 the State of Missouri honored Thomas Jefferson by naming its capital the “City of Jefferson” and locating it on the limestone bluffs above the Missouri River. The Louisiana Purchase, the great westward expansion, and the legacy of Lewis and Clark’s Corps of Discovery all played a part in that decision.

The 238-foot capitol dome is the first sight you see as you arrive in the city. On the capitol grounds is a 13-foot statue of Jefferson near the south entrance. The State Museum occupies the first floor of the capitol.

Nearby, trails on the bluffs of the river are marked with spots where Lewis and Clark climbed. Lead Mine Hill is referenced in their journal, as well as the Indian pictographs and a pierced rock formation near Rocheport.

Flood control is a major concern of city planners today.

Key Words: Lewis & Clark, Jefferson, River, flood, bluffs

Things To Love About Jefferson City

The all-American look; the flag-lined sidewalks and petunias blooming everywhere; the patriotic concerts on Memorial Day; the capitol on a bluff and its expansive grounds; the well-organized history tours; weddings in the park; a community involved, and proud.

Blogs To Read About Jefferson City

The Road Less Traveled

A Real Deal

Jeff City

Glory, Glory Hallelujah

Superlative, In A Word

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 43,079, 41st largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 1,198 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 39.95 square miles
  • Elevation: 702 feet, 21st highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 38/20, July 88/68. Annual rainfall: 39 inches
  • Time Zone: Central
  • Water near: Missouri River
  • Mountains near: Ozark Mountains. Taum Sauk Mountain, in the southeast part of the state, is the highest point in Missouri at 1,772 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Springfield, IL 194; Topeka, KS 220; Des Moines, IA 276
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 960

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 43,079             Population
  • 20.9%              Under 18
  • 13.4%              Over 65
  • 1.8%                Asian
  • 16.9%              Black
  • 2.6%                Hispanic/Latino
  • 0.3%                Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.1%                Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 76.7%              White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 5.1%                 English Not Spoken at Home
  • 89.4%             High School Graduate
  • 33.5%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 13.5%               Below Poverty Level
  • $26,494          Per Capita Income
  • $48,545          Median Household Income
  • $134,200         Median Value of Home
  • 58.7%              Home Ownership