Sacramento, California

00-sacramento-capitol-aerialSacramento, California

  • California became a state September 9, 1850, the 31st state admitted to the Union.
  • Sacramento became state capital 1854
  • Incorporated: 1850
  • Name Origin: Named by John Sutter Jr (1826-1897) for Sacramento River

In 1849 John Sutter Jr laid out a town near the entrance to gold rush country, and it skyrocketed to a population of 10,000 in seven months. Named Sacramento for the Sacramento River, which was named by Spaniard Gabriel Moraga (1765-1823) as “River of Most Blessed Sacrament, it has been state capital since 1854.

The capitol was constructed over a 20-year period and is surrounded by a 40-acre park. Its heavy wooden doors are hand-carved with California bears, and each handrail is covered with gold.

Transportation has helped Sacramento grow. In 1860 it was the western terminus for the Pony Express. Four Sacramento citizens financed the building of the Central Pacific Railroad over the Sierras. Today deepwater ships reach the city via a 43-mile channel from Suisun bay.

See the history of the city in Old Sacramento, a 28-acre area along the banks of the Sacramento River; ride riverboats, trains, wagons. At California State University-Sacramento a replica of the Golden Gate Bridge serves as a footbridge across the river.

Key Words: gold, Sutter, bears, transportation, Pony Express, port, railroad

Things To Love About Sacramento

The gold-rush aura in the air, the California double-dare, the spirit of the pioneers, history, diversity, variety. The delta atmosphere, things growing, thick and green.

Blogs To Read About Sacramento

I’ll Need My Easter Bonnet

David and Zach Quest To Sac

Sushi, Or Pho?

Capitol Kitty, Capitol Kids

Throw Me A Curve

Conversation On A Bench

Easter Ham

Cartoons And Cholera

All That Glitters

The Serendipity Of Rice

40 Acres And The Trees

Facts And Fictions

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 466,488, 9th largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 4,764 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 97.2 square miles
  • Elevation: 25 feet, 48th highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 54/39, July 92/58. Annual rainfall: 19 inches
  • Time Zone: Pacific
  • Water near: Sacramento River, American River
  • Mountains near: Sierra Nevada. Mount Whitney in the east central part of the state is the highest point in California at 14,505 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Carson City, NV 131; Salem, OR 536; Boise, ID 555
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 2,734

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 466,488          Population
  • 24.9%              Under 18
  • 10.6%              Over 65
  • 18.3%              Asian
  • 14.6%              Black
  • 26.9%             Hispanic/Latino
  • 1.1%                 Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 1.4%                Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 34.5%             White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 37.0%              English Not Spoken at Home
  • 81.5%              High School Graduate
  • 29.2%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 18.6%               Below Poverty Level
  • $25,744           Per Capita Income
  • $50,781           Median Household Income
  • $275,800        Median Value of Home
  • 50.0%              Home Ownership