Phoenix, Arizona

00 phoenix capitol crowdPhoenix, Arizona

  • Arizona became a state February 14, 1912, the 48th state admitted to the Union.
  • Phoenix became state capital with statehood in 1912, was territorial capital from 1889
  • Established: 1868
  • Name Origin: “Phoenix” describes a city born from the ruins of a former civilization

The sun shines nearly every day in Phoenix, the largest of the capital cities. The land is flat desert, but it is surrounded by irrigated fields of lettuce, melons, oranges, lemons, and olives. Phoenix Mountains Preserve is a series of city parks that offer more than 23,500 acres of desert mountains – with hiking and biking trails, picnicking areas, and panoramic views of the city.

The capitol is built of native stone and surrounded by a large variety of native trees and cactus; you can see 150 acres of desert plants in Desert Botanical Gardens too. Pueblo Grande Museum and Cultural Park is a Hohokam archaeological site and ruin, occupied between AD 300-1450.

Famous as a Spring Training spot for baseball, Phoenix is an informal but sophisticated warm and dry resort city. The Grand Canyon is to the north; two other national parks are Saguaro Cactus to the south and Petrified Forest to the east.

Key Words: sun, largest, desert, mountains, pueblo, resort

Things To Love About Phoenix

The big wide palm-lined streets, the mountains jutting up all over town, the casual scene, the calm. Relax, enjoy the sun. The bougainvillea everywhere, even on the freeway walls.

Blogs To Read About Phoenix

Making A List

Play Ball

Give Me The Simple Life

Home, And Where The Heart Is

A New American University

Go Gogh

There’s No Excuse

Happy Trails To You

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 1,445,632, largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 2,798 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 516.7 square miles
  • Elevation: 1,090 feet, 12th highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 67/46, July 106/78. Annual rainfall: 8 inches
  • Time Zone: Mountain
  • Water near: Salt River
  • Mountains near: McDowell, White Tank, Superstition, and Sierra Estrella Mountains. Humphreys Peak in the north central part of the state is the highest point in Arizona at 12,637 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Santa Fe, NM 481; Salt Lake City, UT 654; Carson City, NV 738
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 2,304

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 1,445,632        Population
  • 28.2%              Under 18
  • 8.4%                Over 65
  • 2.2%                Asian
  • 6.5%                Black
  • 40.8%             Hispanic/Latino
  • 2.2%                Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.2%                Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 46.5%             White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 36.8%              English Not Spoken at Home
  • 79.7%              High School Graduate
  • 25.4%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 20.3%              Below Poverty Level
  • $24,365          Per Capita Income
  • $48,596          Median Household Income
  • $201,000        Median Value of Home
  • 58.5%              Home Ownership