Cheyenne, Wyoming

00 cheyenne capitol horseCheyenne, Wyoming

  • Wyoming became a state July 10, 1890, the 44th state admitted to the Union.
  • Cheyenne became state capital: 1890 (with statehood, was territorial capital in 1869)
  • Established: 1867
  • Name Origin: Named for the American Indian Cheyenne tribes

It was still Dakota Territory in 1867 when General Grenville Dodge platted the site where the Union Pacific Railroad crossed Crow Creek on its way to the west coast. Within a year more than 4,000 people set up living quarters in the new town of Cheyenne, which was named for an American Indian tribe in the area. Land values soared, and professional gunmen, soldiers, trainmen, gamblers and confidence men brought quick money and cheap liquor, earning the town a wild west reputation.

That reputation began to change during the territorial period and early statehood, as the mining and cattle industries flourished. Millionaires mingled at the Cheyenne Club, and the Atlas Theater was a major stop for opera stars and other performers; Cheyenne became known as the “Magic City of the Plains.” The territory of Wyoming made the news in 1869 when it granted voting rights to women; in 1870 Esther Hobart Morris (1814-1902) was the first woman appointed to judicial office in the modern world. Her statue graces the front of the capitol building today.

The capitol is a classically designed building resembling the national capitol. Design and construction took place between 1886-1890, with two additional wings added by 1917. Murals in the Senate and House chambers depicting industry, pioneer life, law, and transportation were painted by Allen T True, and the chamber ceilings are stained glass and feature the state seal. The Historic Governor’s Mansion was built in 1904 and was the first governor’s residence in the nation to house a female governor. Nellie Tayloe Ross, the first woman elected governor of a US state, served from 1925-1927.

Cheyenne hosts one of the country’s best and longest-running rodeos, held during Frontier Days in July; the first Wild West celebration took place in 1897. The Cheyenne Street Trolley gives a two-hour tour of major attractions, such as Frontier Days Old West Museum with western clothing, weapons and carriages, and a fine collection of western art. Bronze western-themed statuary can be found citywide, as well as hand-painted boots depicting the western flavor of the city. Cheyenne continues to be a transportation and economic hub, thanks to the railroads that started it all. 

 Things To Love About Cheyenne

The Saturday morning bustle of the farmer’s market at Depot Plaza, the message of the painted boots all over town, the western art and talk of rodeo, the cottonwoods hand watered, not there by chance, the bragging of Equality, and Women’s rights.

Blogs To Read About Cheyenne

Look What The Wind Blew In

First And Foremost

No Shy Anns Here

It’s A Fine Fall Day

Sentinels In Bronze

Pioneering Trees

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 59,466, 36th largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 2,425 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 24.52 square miles
  • Elevation: 6,098 feet, 2nd highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 38/10, July 87/56. Annual rainfall: 13 inches
  • Time Zone: Mountain
  • Water near: Crow Creek, tributary of the South Platte River
  • Mountains near: Rockies. Gannett Peak in the west central part of the state is the highest point in Wyoming at 13,809 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Denver, CO 102; Lincoln, NE and Salt Lake City, UT 440; Pierre, SD 476
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 1,648

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 59,466             Population
  • 24.0%              Under 18
  • 13.5%               Over 65
  • 1.2%                 Asian
  • 2.9%                Black
  • 14.5%              Hispanic/Latino
  • 1.0%                Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.2%                Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 78.7%             White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 8.5%                English Not Spoken at Home
  • 93.0%              High School Graduate
  • 25.0%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 9.5%                 Below Poverty Level
  • $28,739           Per Capita Income
  • $51,912            Median Household Income
  • $168,100         Median Value of Home
  • 63.8%               Home Ownership

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