Springfield, Illinois

00 springfield capitol aerialSpringfield, Illinois

  • Illinois became a state December 3, 1818, the 21st state admitted to the Union.
  • Springfield became state capital 1839
  • Settled: 1818
  • Name Origin: Named for Springfield, Massachusetts

Springfield lays claim to being “Home of Abraham Lincoln” even before mentioning it is the state capital. There are plenty of Lincoln sites to see – the Lincoln family home from 1844-1861, Lincoln’s law office from 1844 till he became President, and even Lincoln’s tomb, where Mary Todd, Tad, Eddie and Willie are buried.

But government is evident. The “new” state capitol, built in 1857, is the tallest building in the city; it is 361 feet to the top of the rotunda and 405 when you add the flagpole.

In the Illinois State Museum, see one of the world’s largest ice-age mastodons, as well as “Home in the Heartland,” which depicts the life of Illinois residents since the 1700’s. And for more Lincoln, New Salem is 20 miles away.

Key Words: Lincoln, tomb, mastodon, heartland, law office

Things To Love About Springfield

The “Epcot-style” Lincoln Museum and amazing movies there; the Lincoln focus in town, his home and office open to see, the reverence inside his tomb, his bronze-bust out front, pat his nose, lightheartedly; the preserved 50’s kitsch of corn dogs and drive-ins; Route 66, heading west.

Blogs To Read About Springfield

Honestly Abe http://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=9141

A Trace Of Times http://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=9194

Little House On The Prairie http://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=9294

As Pretty As Ours http://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=9307

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 116,250, 30th largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 1,954 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 59.48 square miles
  • Elevation: 600 feet, 23rd highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 35/19, July 86/65. Annual rainfall: 37 inches
  • Time Zone: Central
  • Water near: Sangamon River, Lick Creek, Lake Springfield
  • Mountains near: Shawnee Hills. Charles Mound in the northern part of the state is the highest point in Illinois at 1,235 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Jefferson City, MO 194; Indianapolis, IN 207; Madison, WI 264
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 797

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 116,250            Population
  • 22.9%               Under 18
  • 14.3%               Over 65
  • 2.2%                 Asian
  • 18.5%               Black
  • 2.0%                Hispanic/Latino
  • 0.2%                Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.0%                Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 74.7%              White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 5.7%                English Not Spoken at Home
  • 90.5%              High School Graduate
  • 32.5%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 16.6%               Below Poverty Level
  • $29,061           Per Capita Income
  • $48,022          Median Household Income
  • $114,100         Median Value of Home
  • 64.3%              Home Ownership

City: http://www.springfield.il.us/

Visitors: http://www.visitspringfieldillinois.com/